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Posts for tag: immunizations

By contactus@priority-pediatrics.com
July 01, 2019
Category: Infectious Disease
Tags: immunizations   travel   measles  

CDC Travelers' Health Update

Measles is in many countries and outbreaks of measles are occurring

around the world. People traveling internationally should be fully vaccinated

at least two weeks before traveling. Anyone who is not immune to measles

is at risk of getting infected when they travel. More information.

Which travelers are at risk? You are at risk of measles infection if you travel

internationally and you have not been fully vaccinated against measles or have

not had measles in the past. The best protection against measles is vaccination. 

Measles is extremely contagious. If you are sick, do not travel and avoid contact

with others. Call your doctor and tell them where you traveled. 

What countries are having measles outbreaks? Measles is in many countries

and outbreaks of disease are occurring around the world, including Europe, the

Middle East, Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. Each year, an estimated 10 million

people get measles, and about 110,000 of them die from the disease or complications. 

Currently, many countries are experiencing measles outbreaks; this includes many

popular travel destinations like Israel, Thailand, Vietnam, Japan, Ukraine, England,

Brazil, the Philippines, and more. CDC has issued a Global Travel Notice: Watch

(Level 1) for these outbreaks. Before your next trip, check your destination.

How can I be fully protected before my trip? Make sure you and your family are

fully vaccinated or that you have other evidence of measles immunity. Evidence of

immunity means that you: (1) were born before 1957 or (2) have a lab test showing

that you have had measles in the past, (3) have a lab test showing you were immunized

against measles, or (4) you have written documentation of receiving measles vaccine. 

If you do not have evidence of measles immunity, call your doctor and make an

appointment to get the MMR vaccine. MMR is nearly 100% effective at preventing

measles. If you are unsure if you have had two doses of the vaccine, or do not have

documentation of your prior doses, it is safe to get additional doses. 

Information for you: Check to make sure you are fully vaccinated or otherwise

protected against measles before you travel.
• Infants 6–11 months of age traveling internationally should have one dose of

measles vaccine.

.  Infants vaccinated before 12 months of age should be revaccinated on or after

their first birthday with two doses, separated by at least 28 days.

• Children 12 months of age or older should have two doses, separated by at least

28 days.
• Adolescents and adults who have not had measles or have not been vaccinated

should get two doses, separated by at least 28 days.
• Two doses of MMR vaccine are nearly 100% effective at preventing measles.
• See Vaccine Information Statements (VIS) for more information.

By contactus@priority-pediatrics.com
June 26, 2019
Category: Infectious Disease
Tags: immunizations   travel   cdc   measles   Travelers  

Most measles cases in the U.S. result from international travel. Make sure you and your loved ones are protected against measles before international travel.

https://www.cdc.gov/measles/plan-for-travel.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fmeasles%2Ftravelers.html

By contactus@priority-pediatrics.com
May 31, 2019
Category: Immunizations
Tags: immunizations   Vaccines   Facts   History   Timeline  

Here's a look at information and statistics concerning vaccines in the United States.

Facts:

There are 14 different vaccines that are recommended for childrenbetween birth and age six, including those for diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, influenza, measles, mumps and rubella.

For more than 100 years, there has been public discord regarding vaccines based on issues like individual rights, religious freedoms, distrust of government and the effects that vaccines may have on the health of children.

Exemptions to vaccines fall into three general categories: medical, religious and philosophical.


Median immunization coverage for state-required vaccines was approximately 94.3% for children entering kindergarten during the 2017-2018 school year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

As of May 2019, 47 states and the District of Columbia allow religious exemptions from vaccines, and 16 states allow philosophical (non-spiritual) exemptions.

Timeline:

1855 - Massachusetts mandates that school children are to be vaccinated (only the smallpox vaccine is available at the time).

February 20, 1905 - In Jacobson v. Massachusetts, the US Supreme Court upholds the State's right to compel immunizing against smallpox.

November 13, 1922 - The US Supreme Court denies any constitutional violation in Zucht v. King in which Rosalyn Zucht believes that requiring vaccines violates her right to liberty without due process. The High Court opines that city ordinances that require vaccinations for children to attend school are a "discretion required for the protection of the public health."

1952 -Dr. Jonas Salk and his team develop a vaccine for polio. A nationwide trial leads to the vaccine being declared in 1955 to be safe and effective.

1963 - The first measles vaccine is released.

1983 - schedule for active immunizations is recommended by the CDC.

March 19, 1992 - Rolling Stone publishes an article by Tom Curtis, "The Origin of AIDS," which presents a theory that ties HIV/AIDS to polio vaccines. Curtis writes that in the late 1950s, during a vaccination campaign in Africa, at least 325,000 people were immunized with a contaminated polio vaccine. The article alleges that the vaccine may have been contaminated with a monkey virus and is the cause of the human immunodeficiency virus, later known as HIV/AIDS.

August 10, 1993 - Congress passes the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act which creates the Vaccines for Children Program, providing qualified children free vaccines.

December 9, 1993 - Rolling Stone publishes an update to the Curtis article, clarifying that his theory was not fact, and Rolling Stone did not mean to suggest there was any scientific proof to support it, and the magazine regrets any damage caused by the article.

1998 - British researcher Andrew Wakefield and 12 other authors publish a paper stating they had evidence that linked the vaccination for Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) to autism. They claim they discovered the measles virus in the digestive systems of autistic children who were given the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. The publication leads to a widespread increase in the number of parents choosing not to vaccinate their children for fear of its link to autism.

2000 - The CDC declares the United States has achieved measles elimination, defined as "the absence of continuous disease transmission for 12 months or more in a specific geographic area."

2004 - Co-authors of the Wakefield study begin removing their names from the article when they discover Wakefield had been paid by lawyers representing parents who planned to sue vaccine manufacturers.

May 14, 2004 - The Institute of Medicine releases a report "rejecting a causal relationship between the MMR vaccine and autism."

February 2010 - The Lancet, the British medical journal that published Wakefield's study, officially retracts the article. Britain also revokes Wakefield's medical license.

2011 - Investigative reporter Brian Deer writes a series of articles in the BMJ exposing Wakefield's fraud. The articles state that he used distorted data and falsified medical histories of children that may have led to an unfounded relationship between vaccines and the development of autism.

2011 - The US Public Health Service finds that 63% of parents who refuse and delay vaccines do so for fear their children could have serious side effects.

2014 - The CDC reports the highest number of cases at 667 since declaring measles eliminated in 2000.

June 17, 2014 - After analyzing 10 studies, all of which looked at whether there was a link between vaccines and autism and involved a total of over one million children, the University of Sydney publishes a report saying there is no correlation between vaccinations and the development of autism.

December 2014 - A measles outbreak occurs at Disneyland in California.

2015 - In the wake of the theme park outbreak, 189 cases of measles are reported in 24 states and Washington, DC.

February 2015 - Advocacy group Autism Speaks releases a statement, "Over the last two decades, extensive research has asked whether there is any link between childhood vaccinations and autism. The results of this research are clear: Vaccines do not cause autism. We urge that all children be fully vaccinated."

May 28, 2015 - Vermont Gov. Peter Shumlin signs a bill removing the philosophical exemption from the state's vaccination law. Parents may still request exemptions for medical or religious reasons. The law goes into effect on July 1, 2016.

June 30, 2015 - California Gov. Jerry Brown signs legislation closing the "vaccine exemption loophole," by eliminating any personal or religious exemptions for immunizing children who attend school. The law takes effect on July 1, 2016.

January 10, 2017 - Notable vaccine skeptic Robert F. Kennedy Jr. meets with President-elect Donald Trump. Afterwards, Kennedy tells reporters he agreed to chair a commission on "vaccination safety and scientific integrity." A Trump spokeswoman later says that no decision has been made about setting up a commission on autism.

August 23, 2018 -A study published in the American Journal of Public Health finds that Twitter accounts run by automated bots and Russian trolls masqueraded as legitimate users engaging in online vaccine debates. The bots and trolls posted a variety of anti-, pro- and neutral tweets and directly confronted vaccine skeptics, which "legitimize" the vaccine debate, according to the researchers.

October 11, 2018 - Two reports published by the CDC find that vaccine exemption rates and the percentage of unvaccinated children are on the rise.

2019 - As of May 24, the CDC has reported 940 individual cases of measles confirmed in 26 states.

January 2019 - The World Health Organization names vaccine hesitancy as one of 10 threats to global health in 2019.

March 26, 2019 - Rockland County, New York announces the "extremely unusual" step of banning unvaccinated individuals under age 18 from public places. One week later, a judge puts a hold on that and prohibits the county from enforcing the ban.

May 10, 2019 - Washington Gov. Jay Inslee signs legislation removing the philosophical exemption for the MMR vaccine from the state's school immunization requirements.

May 24, 2019 - Maine Gov. Janet Mills signs a bill into law removing all non-medical exemptions to vaccinations. The law will take effect in September 2021, and schoolchildren who claim a non-medical exemption prior to the law taking effect will be allowed to attend school if their parent or guardian provides a written statement from a healthcare professional indicating they've been informed of the risks of refusing immunization.

By contactus@priority-pediatrics.com
May 26, 2019
Category: Infectious Disease
Tags: immunizations   measles   update   2019   Vaccinations   Public Health  

Measles – 2019 Outbreaks

 

Total Number Of Measles Cases In US Climbs To 25-Year High Of 971, CDC Reports

The Washington Post (5/30) reports there have been 971 cases of measles in the US so far this year, “the greatest number since 1994, when 963 cases were reported for the entire year,” according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The agency announced the new total on Thursday, rather than waiting for Monday when it typically updates the count, “because it had reached this new milestone.”

       

The New York Times (5/30) reports CDC Director Robert Redfield said, “Measles is preventable and the way to end this outbreak is to ensure that all children and adults who can get vaccinated, do get vaccinated.” Redfield added, “Again, I want to reassure parents that vaccines are safe, they do not cause autism. The greater danger is the disease that vaccination prevents.” The Times adds that the “measles was eliminated as an endemic disease in the United States in 2000,” but if the current outbreak continues then the US could lose that status, “meaning the disease would be considered endemic in the country for the first time in a generation.”

 

Updated 5/22/2019 

Pediatricians are monitoring multiple outbreaks of measles across several U.S. states.

Situation

  • Current outbreak locations:
  • Number of infections: 880 cases in 24 states (from 1/1/19 through 5/17/19)
  • Pediatric population affected: All pediatric populations at risk. Patients 19 years or younger have accounted for 77% of the cases so far; 48% have been younger than 5 years old.
  • The main outbreaks have been associated with travelers who brought measles back from Israel, Ukraine, and the Philippines.
  • Cases have been reported in Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Tennessee, and Washington.

Background

  • Infants and children aged less than 5 years, adults aged more than 20 years, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems, such as from cancer, chemotherapy, or HIV infection, are at high risk for severe illness and complications from measles.
  • Measles can cause serious illness requiring hospitalization, even in previously healthy children.
  • Consider measles in patients with fever and rash and ask about recent international travel, exposure to international travelers, or exposure to people with measles
  • During an outbreak, MMR vaccine should be offered to all people exposed or in the outbreak setting who lack evidence of measles immunity. During a community-wide outbreak that affects infants, MMR vaccine has been shown to be effective in preventing symptoms after exposure and may be recommended for infants 6 through 11 months of age.
  • Involvement of state and local health departments is often advisable for any diagnosis of measles, as there may be specific ways these departments wish to receive specimens and manage patients.

Actions as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Public Health Service

Resources

10 Things You Should Know about Measles:

By contactus@priority-pediatrics.com
May 14, 2019
Category: Immunizations
Tags: immunizations   Vaccines   Autism   Sc ience  

Blume is living proof that the antidote to misinformation about vaccines is science. "I was relieved," she said, "because I didn't hurt him. His autism wasn't my fault."

The current outbreaks of measles around the country are largely a result of parents being afraid to vaccinate their children against the virus. The number one concern? Autism.

This is a show worth watching!

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/mmr-vaccine-teaching-anti-vax-parents-to-trust-science/

http://www.boostoregon.org/