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Posts for tag: Farm Animals

Backyard Poultry – Salmonella Infections

Updated 5/24/2019

Officials are currently investigating multistate outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to contact with backyard poultry.

Situation

  • Location: U.S. Multistate (case count map)
  • Description: Salmonella infections, linked to contact with backyard poultry (such as chicks and ducklings) from multiple hatcheries
  • Number of infections: 52 (as of 5/10/19)
  • Pediatric population affected: All pediatric populations at risk, especially children who live in homes with backyard poultry.

Background

  • Fifty-two people infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella have been reported from 21 states. Cases began on dates from January 12, 2019 to April 29, 2019.
  • Epidemiologic and laboratory evidence indicate that contact with backyard poultry (such as chicks and ducklings) from multiple hatcheries is the likely source of these outbreaks.
  • People reported obtaining chicks and ducklings from several sources, including agricultural stores, websites, and hatcheries.
  • Nineteen percent of ill people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.
  • Twenty-eight percent of ill people were children younger than 5 years.
  • Children younger than 5 years, immunocompromised individuals and people with hemaglobinopathies, pregnant women, the elderly, and those with chronic gastrointestinal tract disease are more likely to have a severe Salmonella illness.

Action (also applicable when visiting Petting Zoos or having residential backyard farm animal/reptile parties)

  • Prevention
    • People should always wash their hands with soap and water right after touching backyard poultry or anything in the area where they live and roam.
    • Adults should supervise handwashing by young children.
    • Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not readily available.

Resources

  • What you should know:
    • People can get sick with Salmonella from touching backyard poultry & residential party farm animals/reptiles, and visiting petting zoos or their environment. These birds, animals & reptiles can be carrying Salmonella bacteria but appear healthy and clean and show no signs of illness.
    • If you have backyard poultry or attend backyard parties with farm animals and/or reptiles or visit petting zoos, follow these tips to stay healthy:
      • Always wash your hands with soap and water right after touching these backyard animals, petting zoos or anything in the area where they live and roam.
        • Adults should supervise handwashing by young children.
        • Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not readily available.
      • Don’t let backyard poultry or party animals inside the house, especially in areas where food or drink are prepared, served, or stored.
      • Set aside a pair of shoes to wear while taking care of poultry, backyard animals or visiting petting zoos and keep those shoes outside of the house.
      • Children younger than 5, adults over 65, and people with weakened immune systems should not handle or touch chicks, ducklings, or other poultry or the visiting animals at residential parties or those at petting zoos.
      • Don’t eat or drink where poultry, farm animals or petting zoo animals live or roam.
      • Don’t kiss backyard poultry or snuggle with them and then do not touch your face or mouth. Also true for petting zoos and residential farm animal/reptile paties.
      • Stay outdoors when cleaning any equipment or materials used to raise or care for poultry, such as cages, or feed or water containers.
    • Contact your health care professional if you think you may have become ill from contacting backyard poultry. Most people infected with Salmonella develop the following signs and symptoms 12 to 72 hours after eating a contaminated product:
      • Diarrhea
      • Fever
      • Abdominal cramps